Reputable surrogacy agencies follow the guidelines set forth by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM). Those guidelines require the following three screenings:
The ASPM strongly suggests that both intended parents, whether intending to be biologically related to his future child or not, undergo “psychosocial” education and counseling prior to entering into a surrogacy contract. The process of becoming fathers via a gestational surrogate can be an emotional one for all involved. Counseling is an essential part of the process, and will help prepare you, your partner, and your gestational carrier for a successful experience.
Your surrogacy agency will also require the genetic father to undergo a thorough medical evaluation. The agency will screen for any identifiable risk factors for illnesses such as cystic fibrosis and spinal muscular atrophy, and also ensure that the intended genetic father is in good health, generally. If risk factors are identified, it is not necessarily a deal-breaker. A transfer is still possible, as long as the medical professionals conducting the transfer are aware of any risks. Though not required by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the ASRM recommends that gestational carriers are informed and counseled about the risks as well.
Within six months of creating the embryos to be transferred to your gestational carrier, the ASRM requirements state that the genetic father should receive a complete physical examination. The exam will test for any sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV and Hepatitis C, evidence of drug use, blood type and Rh factor, among other health indicators. It’s important to note that HIV positive gay men can still become fathers via surrogacy through a process called sperm washing. Read about some common questions gay men have about sperm washing here.
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